An abugida /ˌɑːbuːˈɡiːdə/ (from Ge'ez አቡጊዳ ’äbugida), also called an alphasyllabary, is a segmental writing system in which consonant–vowel sequences are written as a unit: each unit is based on a consonant letter, and vowel notation is secondary. This contrasts with a full alphabet, in which vowels have status equal to consonants, and with an abjad, in which vowel marking is absent or optional. (In less formal contexts, all three types of script may be termed alphabets.)

Abugidas include the extensive Brahmic family of scripts (Wikipedia page [1] of South and Southeast Asia, and Canadian Aboriginal syllabics (Wikipedia page [2]).

More information on the Wikipedia page [3] which has a list and examples. The Omniglot page is [4].