Acme Commodity and Phrase Code was a book published in 1923 by the Acme Code Company which contained a standard list of 10 000 5 letter codes and condensed terms used to shorten telegrams and save money. The book was extremely popular amongst businesses in the 1930s.
The codes were defined in such a way that they allowed a certain degree of detection and correction of errors, considering this code as precursors of this type of practices.
Some details of the book can be found here .
Newton, David E. (1997). Encyclopedia of Cryptography. Santa Barbara California: Instructional Horizons, Inc. p. 4.