Sir George Ripley (c. 1415–1490) was an English Augustinian canon, author, and alchemist.
George Ripley was one of England's most famous alchemists. His alchemical writings attracted attention not only when they were published in the fifteenth century, but also later in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. His writings were studied by noted figures such as the alchemist John Dee, Robert Boyle (who is considered to be the first modern chemist), and even Isaac Newton.
There are approximately 23 copies of the Ripley Scroll in existence. The scrolls range in size, colour and detail but are all variations on a lost 15th century original. Although they are named after George Ripley, there is no evidence that Ripley designed the scrolls himself. They are called Ripley scrolls because some of them include poetry associated with the alchemist. The scrolls' images are symbolic references to the philosophers' stone.
- London, British Museum, MS Add. 5025, Four scrolls drawn in Lubeck 1588.
- London, Science Museum, A21950, 18th century.
- London, Wellcome Institute, 692 & 693, two scrolls 16th century.
- Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 276, 16th century.
- ref. also version of Ripley Scrowle by James Standysh, 16th century, B.M. London Add. MS 32621.
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