• The manuscript appears to have been created in what is now Italy.

Wilfrid Voynich was sometimes slightly obscure about where the VM had been acquired from - but this may have been a matter of being discrete as to who was selling things.

It was then acquired by Wilfrid Voynich and was then associated with several successive owners, in the UK and the US - his widow Ethel Lilian Voynich, Anne Margaret Nill and Hans Peter Kraus.

See also Voynich Manuscript timeline